Robotics: Science and Systems XIX

Sequence-Based Plan Feasibility Prediction for Efficient Task and Motion Planning

Zhutian Yang, Caelan R Garrett, Tomas Lozano-Perez, Leslie Kaelbling, Dieter Fox


We present a learning-enabled Task and Motion Planning (TAMP) algorithm for solving mobile manipulation problems in environments with many articulated and movable obstacles. Our idea is to bias the search procedure of a traditional TAMP planner with a learned plan feasibility predictor. The core of our algorithm is PIGINet, a novel Transformer-based learning method that takes in a task plan, the goal, and the initial state, and predicts the probability of finding motion trajectories associated with the task plan. We integrate PIGINet within a TAMP planner that generates a diverse set of high-level task plans, sorts them by their predicted likelihood of feasibility, and refines them in that order. We evaluate the runtime of our TAMP algorithm on seven families of kitchen rearrangement problems, comparing its performance to that of non-learning baselines. Our experiments show that PIGINet substantially improves planning efficiency, cutting down runtime by 80% on problems with small state spaces and 10%-50% on larger ones, after being trained on only 150-600 problems. Finally, it also achieves zero-shot generalization to problems with unseen object categories thanks to its visual encoding of objects.



    AUTHOR    = {Zhutian  Yang AND Caelan R Garrett AND Tomas Lozano-Perez AND Leslie Kaelbling AND Dieter Fox}, 
    TITLE     = {{Sequence-Based Plan Feasibility Prediction for Efficient Task and Motion Planning}}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2023}, 
    ADDRESS   = {Daegu, Republic of Korea}, 
    MONTH     = {July}, 
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2023.XIX.061}